Tridosa is composed of two words: tri + dosa; means a group of three basic elements i.e., Vata, Pitta and Kapha. When Vata, Pitta and Kapha are vitiated they produce disease and when they are in equilibrium, or in their natural state, they maintain the body.


According to Ayurvedic medicine, everyone is unique in terms of his or her individual balance between these three energy (or personality) types. Everyone has some Vata, Pitta and Kapha to their personality, but usually one or two of the doshas are more dominant in a particular person — and this ultimately governs body type, appetite, energy levels, moods and tendencies.

Each dosha has both physical and emotional characteristics, so Ayurvedic practitioners use the three doshas to describe common traits of someone’s body type and personality.

The overall belief is that disease and suffering results from an imbalance in these three doshas

Each person has a combination of each life energy, but one is believed to be dominant. Identifying which life force needs to be balanced can alleviate health issues, as each dosha controls a different function in the body.

1. Body Size

Slim | Medium | Large

2. Body Weight

Low, has difficulty in putting on weight

Medium, can gain & lose weight easily

Overweight, difficult to lose weight

3. Height

Tall or short


Thin & sturdy / short & stocky

4. Bone Structure

Light, small bones, prominent joints

Medium bone structure

Large, broad shoulders, heavy bone structure

5. Complexion

Dark complexion, Tans easily

Fair skin, sun burns easily

White, pale, tans evenly

6. General feel of skin

Dry, cool

Smooth, oily T-zone

Oily, cold

7. Texture of Skin

Dry, pigmentation and aging

Freckles, many moles, redness, rashes and acne

Soft, glowing and youthful

8 .Hair Color

Dull, black, brown

Red, light brown, yellow


9. Appearance of Hair

Dry, black knotted, brittle

Straight, oily

Thick, curly

10.Shape of face

Long, angular, thin

Heart-shaped, pointed chin

Large, round, full

11. EYES

Small, active, darting, dark eyes

Medium sized, penetrating, light sensitive eyes

Big, round, beautiful glowing eyes

12. Eyelashes

Scanty eye lashes

Moderate eye lashes

Thick / Fused eye lashes

13. Blinking of Eyes

Excessive blinking

Moderate blinking

More or less stable

14. Cheeks

Wrinkled, sunken

Smooth, flat

Rounded, plump

15. Nose

Crooked, narrow, small

Pointed, average

Rounded, large open nostrils

16. Teeth and gums

Irregular, protruding teeth, receding gums

Medium sized teeth, reddish gums

Big, white, strong teeth, Hearty gums